Combination PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors for kidney cancer are no more beneficial than PD-1 inhibitor alone

A recent phase II clinical trial has shown that combined use of a PD-1 inhibitor and a PD-L1 inhibitor proved no more beneficial than anti-PD-1 treatment alone in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients who had already been treated with targeted therapy. There was no significant difference in the primary endpoint of the study, which […]

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Avelumab as a first- or second-line treatment for metastatic kidney cancer

A recent study looked at the efficacy and safety of first- or second-line avelumab (an anti–PD-L1 immunotherapy) in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A total of 62 patients were treated with avelumab in the first-line (intravenous infusion every 2 weeks) and 20 patients were treated with avelumab in the second-line. Most […]

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Outcomes of metastatic kidney cancer patients treated with first-line immunotherapy and second-line VEGFR-TKI

The standard of care recommended for the treatment of patients with intermediate- and poor-risk metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is first-line immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy (nivolumab plus ipilimumab), followed by a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGFR-TKI) in the second-line (axitinib, cabozantinib). A recent study published in European Journal of Cancer reviewed data […]

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