Cabozantinib plus nivolumab granted FDA approval for first-line treatment of advanced kidney cancer

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States has approved the cabozantinib (Cabometyx) plus nivolumab (Opdivo) combination for first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) based on the results of the Checkmate 9ER trial. Around 20-30% of people are diagnosed with advanced RCC, and 30% of people treated for early stage RCC go on […]

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HIF2α inhibitor provides significant clinical benefit in patients with VHL kidney cancer

One of the major breakthroughs this year the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2α inhibitor: MK6482 for von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease–related clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). VHL disease is a hereditary disease that affects many organs of the body, such as the eyes, brain, spine, pancreas, kidneys and lymphatic system. It is caused by a mutation in […]

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Future for VHL kidney cancer is bright

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease–associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has always been difficult to treat. However, a group of researchers led by Dr William G. Kaelin Jr from the Dana-Faber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School in America have discovered treatments including immunotherapy, HIF-2α inhibitors, and potentially CDK4/6 inhibitors for the treatment of VHL-associated RCC. He […]

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Cabozantinib plus atezolizumab combination for advanced kidney cancer

In this study, two doses of cabozantinib were tested in combination with atezolizumab for untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Cabozantinib is a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), while atezolizumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor.  Two doses of cabozantinib were tested; 40 mg and 60 mg. The data were fairly comparable […]

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Everolimus and bevacizumab for advanced papillary kidney cancer

In this phase 2 clinical trial, a combination of everolimus plus bevacizumab was looked at in 37 patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The study showed that the combination was effective and delayed progression of the disease (progression-free survival) on average for 13.7 months. There was a response rate of 35%, and overall survival […]

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Safety and efficacy of apatinib for metastatic kidney cancer

A recent study coming out of China has identified a new oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with promising safety and efficacy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Anti-angiogenic treatments, such as the TKIs sunitinib, pazopanib and axitinib, play an important role in the treatment of metastatic RCC. A new TKI called apatinib targets the vascular […]

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Complete response to immune checkpoint inhibitors in kidney cancer patients

A recent meta-analysis of 6 randomised phase II and III studies looked at complete response rates to immune checkpoint inhibitors in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Data from the following 6 studies were analysed; CheckMate 214, CheckMate 025, KEYNOTE-426, Javelin Renal 101, IMmotion150, and IMmotion151, which included a total of 4531 patients. The incidence of […]

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Comparison of first-line immunotherapy combinations for metastatic kidney cancer

This meta-analysis of first-line immunotherapy trials was published in the journal Cancers last month. The analysis compares the three active first-line treatment combinations for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and provides guidance in the selection of treatment for previously untreated patients. Three combination treatments were compared; pembrolizumab plus axitinib, avelumab plus axitinib and nivolumab plus […]

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Ipilimumub plus nivolumab combination after prior treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors

This retrospective study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology looked at the response rates and progression-free survival of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients treated with a combination of ipilimumab plus nivolumab after previous treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor. Forty-five patients with metastatic RCC who had already been treated with an immune checkpoint […]

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ASCO 2020: HIF-2 alpha inhibitor induced positive response for VHL-associated kidney cancer

Results from a phase II international trial led by researchers at MD Anderson Cancer Center in America were presented during the 2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Virtual Scientific Program. The trial showed treatment with a novel hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-2 alpha inhibitor (MK-6482) was well tolerated and resulted in clinical responses in patients with von […]

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